今天是:2019年6月20日 星期四

谢欣 元明清文学(2004届)

发布日期: 浏览次数:3344

  方承训及《复初集》研究

  中 文 摘 要

  本文由五个部分组成:第一部分从史料入手,考证、介绍方承训的家世、生平、交游和《复初集》的基本内容;第二部分根据《复初集》中所记载的徽商传记材料,以方氏家族为例,对徽商家族史做个案研究,以此来揭示徽商出贾的原因、经商模式及其成功的因素;第三、第四部分是全文的重点部分,主要研究《复初集》的文学价值。
    方承训的文学观点和文学创作总的来说是带有复古倾向的,其文学理论主要见于卷首的《原初漫谈》及相关的篇章。而从方承训的诗文创作来看,大部分也是拘泥于复古思潮的平庸之作;但从地域文化的角度来考察,方承训的诗文却别有风味。首先,方承训有很多反映徽州地域风光的作品;其次,他的作品中表现了徽州的民俗风情;尤为独特的是,方承训出身商贾家庭,本人也有经商经历,他在创作时自觉或不自觉地采用了商人视角,成为新的经济因素在意识形态中的代言人。

  本文主要是围绕方承训及《复初集》做一个案研究。而实际上,明代中后期以来,在商品经济的推动下,文学逐渐出现了一股民间化的走向。除了士大夫文人提出向民间学习的口号并努力付诸实践之外,大量的民间文人参与文学创作。他们全方位地介绍和描述,为文化意义和生存意义上的民众留下了一个真实的文化时空。而这一切,正是我们解读方承训及明代文学民间化走向的真正价值所在。

 

  Abstract:

  Fang Cheng xun and his collected works were discussed in this thesis. There were five sections in the thesis. The circumstance what the author’s family background, his experience and the collected works were introduced in the first section. The family history of commerce was introduced in the second section. The literature value of the collected works was recommend in the third part and the fourth part.  They were most important sections in the thesis.

  Fang Cheng xun named his collected works < Recall Ancient literature >. He wrote many works what imitated ancient models. These works are ordinary. But there were splendid poetic prose in the collected works. First he suggested the sight of Hui Zhou. Second he suggested some interested folk custom in his homeland. In the end, he let us know the traveling businessman of Ming dynasty.
      It’s not our purpose to research the author and the collected works. In fact, there were a lot of scholars among the people in that age. They were different with literary and refined scholars. We can research more poetic prose in history of literature.