今天是:2019年6月20日 星期四

刘艳琴 元明清文学专业(2004届)

发布日期: 浏览次数:3364

  明代话本小说中的徽商形象研究

  目 录

  中文摘要………………………………………………………i

  英文摘要………………………………………………………ii

  引言……………………………………………………………1

  一 、 徽商在明代话本小说中存在情况综览………………3

  二 、 明代话本小说中徽商形象分析………………………11

  (一) 徽商与话本小说情节的构建…………………………11

  (二) 话本小说中徽商形象解析……………………………14

  三、 明代话本小说中所反映的徽商生存状况……………21

  (一) 徽商的经营品种及经营地点…………………………21

  (二) 徽商与官府官员的关系………………………………22

  (三) 徽商与客地居民的关系………………………………27

  (四) 徽商与乡梓乡邻的关系………………………………31

  (五) 徽商与宗族、家庭成员的关系………………………34

  四、 明代话本小说与文人传记中徽商形象的比较………39

  (一) 两类作品中徽商文学形象比较………………………39

  (二) 两类作品中作者文学观念比较………………………44

  (三) 两类作品中作者创作心态比较………………………46
结语…………………………………………………………51

  引用书目与参考文献………………………………………52

  后记…………………………………………………………55


  中文摘要:

  明代话本小说中,徽州商人作为文学形象频频出现,并以其显著的共性特征区别于其他地域商人,构成一个极具地域特色和时代内涵的文化现象。本文通过梳理基本文献,对这一现象进行考察,旨在探讨蕴涵于其间的有关文学、徽学以及文化学的内涵和价值。

  第一部分“徽商在明代话本小说中存在情况综览”,主要以计量学方法考查徽州商人作为文学形象在明代话本小说中频频出现的总体情况。在“三言”、“二拍”、《型世言》等十五部话本小说集中,涉及徽商活动的篇目达四十篇之多。这一数据显示,徽商在明代话本小说中的存在是确切显著而确有研究价值的。

  第二部分“明代话本小说中徽商形象分析”,主要从文学角度考查 “徽州商人”这一形象。徽商以各种形态参与了话本小说情节的构建,并表现出诸如贾而好儒、乐善好施,而又贪恋女色、吝啬刻薄等鲜明的性格特征。

  第三部分“明代话本小说中所反映的徽商生存状况”,旨在对话本小说所反映的徽商的经营、生活等状态做较为全面的解析。通过对徽商与官府官员、客地居民、乡梓乡邻、家族亲人之间种种关系的剖析,透视特定时代社会条件下徽商现象所折射的世态与人情。

  第四部分“明代话本小说与文人传记中徽商形象的比较”,主要将明代话本小说与文人所作人物传记中的徽商形象做比较观照。文人传记以实录为宗,话本小说则多虚构手法。然而通过对照却可发现,两类作品中的徽商形象大有不同,作者的文学理念各有侧重,创作心态亦呈现较大区别。相对于文人笔下人物传记而言,话本小说中的徽商形象,更加立体丰满,也更贴近生活真实。

  Abstract:

  In the Colloquial Stories of the Ming Dynasty, Huizhou merchants appear frequently as literary images. With their remarkable characteristics, Huizhou merchants differ greatly with the merchants from other regions and become a phenomenon carrying some regional features and connotations of that age. This paper probes into this phenomenon to make a thorough on its values on literature, culture and Hui--studies.
      Chapter 1 is “The Existence of Huizhou Merchants in The Colloquial Stories of the Ming Dynasty”, mainly illustrating Huizhou merchants’ frequent appearances in the Ming Colloquial Stories. The present writer finds out that about 40 articles touch upon Huizhou merchants’ activities in 15 colloquial stories such as “Three-yan” , “Two-pai” , “Xingshiyan” and so on. This statistic manifests that the existence of Huizhou merchants in these colloquial stories is definite and notable.

  Chapter 2 is “Analysis of Huizhou Merchants as Literary Images in The Colloquial Stories of the Ming Dynasty”, analyzing the images of Huizhou merchants from literary view. Various kinds of Huizho merchants appear in these colloquial stories with conspicuous and different characteristics of living as Confucian during management, being benevolent, lubricious or miserly.
      Chapter 3 is “Living State of Huizhou Merchants in The Colloquial Stories of the Ming Dynasty”, aiming at a comprehensive analysis on Huizhou merchants’ living and managing conditions conveyed by these colloquial stories. This chapter dissects the different relationships between Huizhou merchants and government officials, local people, folks and their relatives to penetrate the ways of the world and the human relationships in the specific times and social conditions.
      Chapter 4 is “Comparison of Huizhou Merchants Between The Colloquial Stories and Scholar Biographies of the Ming Dynasty”, mainly comparing Huizhou merchants in colloquial stories to those scholar biographies. The colloquial stories are generally fictitious while the latter always are some faithful and veritable records. The images of Huizhou merchants are quite different in those two kinds of writing. The authors’ conceptions lay special emphasis on different aspects and their creative intentions vary greatly. The images of Huizhou merchants are more realistic, stereoscopic and round in the colloquial stories.