今天是:2019年6月20日 星期四

王平 元明清文学专业(2002届)

发布日期: 浏览次数:2660

  贵池傩戏剧目研究

  目 录

  导言1

  一、贵池傩戏的剧目及其分类………………………………………3

  (一)贵池傩戏剧目总览……………………………………………3

  (二) 贵池傩戏剧目之分类 ………………………………………5

  二、贵池傩戏的“非故事性剧目”…………………………………8

  (一)“非故事性剧目”与古代傩祭 ………………………………8

  (二)“非故事性剧目”与宋金古剧 ………………………………11

  (三)“非故事性剧目”的民俗文化内涵……………………………13

  三、贵池傩戏“故事性剧目”个体研究……………………………17

  (一)《和番记》与南戏《刘文龙》…………………………………17

  (二)贵池傩戏中“说唱词话”类剧目……………………………27

  (三)“孟姜女”剧目溯源……………………………………………37

  结语:贵池傩戏的“戏曲活化石”价值……………………………43

  主要参考文献…………………………………………………………46

 

  后记

  中文摘要:

 

  安徽贵池傩戏是一种祭祀性民间戏曲表演活动,其中含有大量的剧目。这些剧目可以按其是否具备“合言语、动作、歌唱,以演一故事”的戏曲“四要素”,划分为二类:“故事性剧目”和“非故事性剧目”。“故事性剧目”完全含有“四要素”,“非故事性剧目”至少缺少“四要素”其中之最关键要素“演一故事”。

  “非故事性剧目”涉及宋代“宫廷大傩”中的“百戏”,民间驱傩“打夜胡”时所表演的节目和宋金“古剧”中的有关节目,反映了贵池傩戏积淀了中国戏曲未成熟时期的戏曲因素。

  “故事性剧目”的源头可追溯至唐代变文、民间曲子词,与南戏、元明词话等有密切的渊源关系,它们有些本身就是有关的传奇、京剧剧目。

  这些剧目实际是不同样式的文艺作品,它们或早或迟地积淀到贵池傩戏中,反映了贵池傩戏对剧目兼收并蓄的开放性品格,这也是贵池傩戏区别于其它“戏曲活化石”的特征之一。

  本文主体分为三大部分。第一部分总览贵池傩戏剧目,并根据“四要素”对之进行分类。第二部分系统分析贵池傩戏的“非故事性剧目”指出它们承继了古代傩祭及宋金古剧中的诸多节目,并分析其内涵。第三部分对贵池傩戏“故事性剧目”作个体研究,重点对《和番记》、“孟姜女”类及“说唱词话”类剧目溯源及分析。以上主体内容,皆凸现了贵池傩戏的“戏曲活化石”价值。

 

  Abstract:

 

  Nuo opero of Guichi in Auhui is a kink of folk opera performance offering Sacrifices, which obtains a large number of items. These items can be classified into story and non-story items according to spoken parts, actions, singing parts, and plot .A Story item should have the above 4 elements altogether while a non-story item leaks at least one of them.

  Non-story items involve Baixi of imperial Nuo in the song Dynasty, the programs in folk Nuo “Da Ye-hu” and source connected programs of ancient operas in the song and Jin Dynasty, This reflects that Nuo opera of Guichi has accumulated opera facts in immature period of Chinese opera.
    Story items Sources can trace back to Bian-wen of Tang Dynasty, folk Qu zi-ci, and also are closely connected with Nanxi and Cihua in the yuan and Ming Dynasty, Source of the items are the very items in Chuanqi and Beijing opera.

  Actually these items are literary works of different patterns, accumulated into Nuo opera of Guichi in different time, which reflects its open feature, taking in all kinds of items. This is also one of the features that differs Nuo opera of Guichi from other “fossils” of operas.
    The text of this paper is divided into 3 chapters, Chapter 1give a general view on items in Nuo opera of Guichi and classifies them according to the 4 essential elements. Chapter them according to the 4 essential elements. Chapter 2 systematically analyses non-story items in Nuo opera of Guichi, therefore gets a conclusion that they inherit many programs of ancient sacrificial rites and ancient operas in the Song and Jin Dynasty, Chapter 3 examines individually the story items in Nuo opera of Guichi, tracing the history of the operas “He Fan-ji ” , “Meng Jiang-nuo” and other item .Au of the above content show the existing “fossil” value in Nuo opera of Guichi.