今天是:2019年6月20日 星期四

刘彭冰 古籍整理专业(2003届)

发布日期: 浏览次数:2831

  程 敏 政 年 谱

  目 录

  导言 ………………………………………………………………… 1

  一、程敏政学术思想及文学成就概论 …………………………… 4

  (一)文献学成就 …………………………………………… 4

  (二)政治与理学思想 ……………………………………… 6

  (三)文学成就 ……………………………………………… 13

  

  二、年谱 …………………………………………………………… 19

  (一)凡例 …………………………………………………… 19

  (二)传略 …………………………………………………… 20

  (三)年谱正文 ……………………………………………… 22

  引用书目与参考文献 …………………………………………… 84

  后记 ……………………………………………………………… 86

  中文文摘要:

  程敏政是活跃于明代成化、弘治年间的一位大家,他在文献学、理学及文学领域取得了诸多成就,对这一时期学术思想风气的转变,起到了相当大作用。

  作为一代学者,程敏政究心于文献资料的收集整理,他所编纂的《明文衡》、《新安文献志》等煌煌巨著,规制宏大,体裁完备,保存了大量丰富翔实的第一手资料,具有较高的学术价值。在明初极端高压的政治环境下,程敏政能够站在历史的高度,更多地去体现与张扬传统儒学中积极合理的内核,反映了对社会政治不合理因素实行变革的愿望。程敏政的理学思想以合会朱、陆二学为旨。程氏对朱、陆二学的调和,并非随意的折衷,而是要兼取二学之长,以陆学的本心论为主,辅以朱学笃实致知的下学功夫。在朱、陆兼综和会问题上,程敏政既是集大成者,又是最后的终结者。在程敏政的著作中,出现了一些弘扬个性,抒发真情,关注社会现实,同情民生疾苦的优秀文学作品,这对于摆脱当时的官方统治思想对文学的束缚,追求文学的独立性,追求文学中自然真实的情感表现,有着深远的意义。

  本文选择程敏政为研究对象,以年谱的方式,勾勒出有关程氏生平行实的大致轮廓,以使读者对其学术思想的形成,有一整体性把握,从而对其所处时代的政治思想及文学发展的总体脉络有一综合性了解。

  Abstract:

  Cheng Min-zheng was a big shot at the period of ChengHua and HongZhi of Ming dynasty, who acquired many accomplishments in the fields of Philology、 Philosophy and Literature, which indicate considerably on the change of learned thought at that time.

  As a scholar of his age, Cheng Min-zheng idolized the collection and cleaned up of literary information. The illustrious masterworks , “MING WEN HENG”, “XIN AN WEN XIAN ZHI” and so on compiled by Cheng, which conserve a great deal of detailed first-hand information, possess of grand system, self-contained types and are provided with supernal academic value. Under the high-pressure political environment of early Ming dynasty, Cheng Min-zheng could stand on historical level and incarnate logical kernel of traditional Confucianism. All what he did reflected the desirability of changing political absurd factor. Cheng Min-zheng’s philosophic thought attach most importance to combining Zhu and Lu’s idea. The conciliation of the ideas of Cheng, Zhu and Lu wasn’t a informal compromise, but a compatible study on Zhu and Lu’s strongpoint. Cheng’s antilogy put emphasis on mentalistic theory of Lu’s idea, assisted stedfast below knowledge skill of Zhu’s idea concerning the case of integrating Zhu and Lu’s ideas, Cheng Min-zheng was as well as last a termination compositive person.

  In the Cheng’s works, there are some distinguished literary that apotheosis personality, express genuine sensibility, observe social reality and sympathize the sufferings of people, which put profound influence on breaking official away from literature, pursuing the independency official concept of literature and honest expression of sensibility in literature.

  The thesis makes Cheng as the research object, and outlines the record of his events in the mode of chronicle, which acquaints the readers with the formation of Cheng’s academic thought, hence, the politic idea and the whole tendency of literary development of his age integrally.